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10 Most Popular Harvest Festivals of India in 2022

India is a vibrant and attractive country, and its harvest festivals are full of happy celebrations and fascinating mythical legends. Harvest festivals of India vary and are wonderful as its landscapes and people, and they provide an opportunity for everyone to experience Indian culture at its finest.

Despite this,

Harvest celebrations in India are held on different dates in different parts of the country due to climate differences. This festive celebration happens during the first harvest season in an area.

Makar Sankranti, Lohri, Pongal, and Bihu are all different regions with different names but the same objective. They’re all part of India’s harvest festival, which is a celebration of gratitude for the harvest.

Harvest Festivals of India

A considerable portion of India’s population is active in various agricultural pursuits. When the time comes for the framers to reap the new crops, they do so with energy and fervour.

Farmers in many sections of the country are having a good time. They have a great time and frolic while celebrating the food they grow. Even the urban populace participates in various ways in the celebrations.

You’ll find a comprehensive list of some of India’s best and most prominent harvest festivals of India listed below.

1) Makar Sankranti, India’s Most Prosperous Harvest Festival

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti, one of the most colourful and oldest holidays relating to agriculture, is observed across the country.

To be more specific, it is Uttar Pradesh’s primary harvest celebration (Northern belt).  This harvest festival in India is held to mark the end of a difficult phase and the beginning of an auspicious phase, according to Hindu mythology.

People celebrate it with music, bonfires, carnivals, kite flying, rallies, and dances in villages across Kerala, Gujarat, Haryana, West Bengal, Punjab, and Tamil Nadu. The festival’s main attractions are many delicious sweets prepared with jaggery and sesame, as well as the Kumbh Mela in Varanasi.

Every year on the 14th of January, it is commemorated, though the date may be shifted to the 15th. Split green dal, white rice, jaggery, and other dry food items are offered to the less fortunate in some Punjabi houses.

2) Baisakhi – Dhol and Bhangra Celebrations

Baisakhi

This is an Indian harvest festival celebrated with Bhangra and Dhol rhythms. It is Punjab’s main harvest festival, which is also observed in Haryana. This is the moment when people express their gratitude to God for providing them with a bountiful harvest.

Farmers all around the country celebrate this agricultural event to show their joy and excitement. People dress up in the brightest colours, dance to the melodic sounds of Dhol, and sing the happiest of songs on this day. It is one of the country’s most popular seasonal celebrations.

Baisakhi fairs (Mela) are held where wrestling, acrobatics, and musical performances are showcased to their full potential. These are some of the unique characteristics that make Baisakhi one of the most fascinating harvest festivals of India.

The men’s Bhangra and the women’s Gidda are two of the most popular attractions at this Indian harvest festival which is celebrated on the 13th of April each year.

3) Losar – Harvest Festival in Ladakh

Losar

Among India’s many farmer festivities, the Ladakh Harvest Festival is one of the most well-known. With the start of this event, the entire region surrounding Ladakh becomes even more lovely, stunning, and dazzling.

Every year, between the 1st and 15th of September, the Ladakh harvest festival is celebrated. All of the stupas and monasteries are embellished with pilgrimages to Kyabje Gombo and Thangka, and they are open to the public.

This celebration includes traditional cultural and social ceremonies, art and handicrafts, and archery. The celebrations attract visitors from all across the world.

4) Lohri is a Punjabi folk festival.

Lohri

Punjab’s harvest celebration requires no introduction. Traditional melodies, dhol beats, and dancing forms are used to mark the celebrations. Bonfires are built around which neighbours and family members congregate to sing and dance together.

This is one method of warding off the cold in the winter. During this period, rewaris, gajjaks, peanuts, and mithais cooked with warming foods like jaggery and sesame seeds are consumed.

For acknowledging and appreciating the big harvest of sugarcane crops, they also present corn, nuts, and cereals. On this day, everyone sings the Punjabi song ‘Sunder Mundariye’. On the 13th of January each, the Punjabis commemorate it.

5) Bhogali Bihu is an Indian harvest festival that is associated with joy and happiness.

Bhogali Bihu

Bhogali Bihu is an Assamese harvest celebration that takes place in January. People in Assam are in a good mood during this event, and they express great happiness and enthusiasm.

The harvest season in India comes to a close with this Indian harvest festival. Women dress up in traditional clothing and perform Bihu during the ceremonies (the dance form from Assam). They are accompanied by males who continue to play the drums.

The bullfight is one of the most popular attractions of this festival. The celebration is held to honour agriculture’s efforts and receive the benefits. The day before Bihu, a community feast called Uruka is organized.

6) The Yellow Festival is known as Basant Panchami.

Basant Panchami

The golden festival is another name for India’s harvest festival. It is one of India’s most well-known seasonal events, signalling the start of the spring season.

The event is observed in several parts of Northern India and is regarded as a particularly auspicious day.

All members of the family are encouraged to dress in yellow. During this period, mustard crops are abundant in the countryside, particularly in Punjab and Haryana’s rural areas. Indian foods such as Sarson Ka Saag, Meethe Chawal (sweet rice), and Makki ki Roti are among the festival’s highlights.

7) Wangala is an Indian harvest festival with drums.

Wangala

The name of this harvest festival is unique to the way it is observed. More than 100 drums are played simultaneously by the Garo tribes in India’s north-eastern region to commemorate the occasion.

In the list of Harvest festivals of India, this is yet another popular event. It symbolizes the start of the winter season, and people gather to work and praise the Sun God. On this day, the north Indian Garo tribes’ enormous fervour and dedication are worth witnessing and experiencing.

In Assam and Meghalaya, women dress up in traditional colourful clothes and dance while men play rhythmic drums. The main feature of this festival is the musical spectacle with gongs, drums, and flutes.

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8) Meghalaya’s Ka Pomblang Nongkrem

Meghalaya's Ka Pomblang Nongkrem

Ka Pomblang Nongkrem is a five-day festival celebrated by Khasi people in the Khasi hills. People worship Goddess Ka Blei Synshar, the regional guardian, during this period. It’s a harvest thanksgiving festival in which participants make numerous offerings, including little bits of gathered crops.

One of the most prominent aspects of this celebration is animal sacrifices. The celebration provides the entire community with utmost happiness and joy. The Nongkrem dance, which is performed with a yak hair whisk in one hand and a sword in the other, is well-known among the Khasi tribes.

The main features of this famous harvest festival in India are the Tangmuri and Pemblang festivities.

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9) Pongal is a Gratitude Offering to Mother Nature

Pongal

Tamil Nadu’s harvest festival takes place in January (Celebrated on the first day of the Tamil calendar). It is the start of Uttarayan or the Sun’s northward voyage.

During this period, people are overjoyed and excited, and they celebrate for four days. The definition of the term “Pongal” is expanding. People follow the ritual of boiling rice in a bowl until it starts to spill on this day.

It’s also a time to express gratitude to nature, which provides so much for its residents. This festival’s notable traditions include cooking, swinging, and sketching Kolam. Patios and residences are cleaned in anticipation, and mango leaves are hung at the doors (Vandanvaar).

The ceremonies associated with this auspicious day are well-known, as are the various connotations associated with it. On this day, bonfire ceremonies symbolize the passing away of old things and the bringing in of new things.

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10) Nuakhai, an Indian festival celebrating grains of food

Nuakhai

Nuakhai, Odisha’s annual harvest celebration, is celebrated to welcome the season’s fresh rice harvest. It is the state’s most important and auspicious social celebration, taking place the day following Ganesh Puja.

This Indian harvest festival is also observed in Jharkhand’s Simdega area. During this period, various districts in Odisha, including Sambalpur, Boudh, Kalahandi, Bargarh, and Balangir, are decked.

These are some of the greatest spots to go if you want to get a good sense of the occasion. These are historical sites with a large population of indigenous people, making them ideal venues for learning about different cultures.

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conclusion

There isn’t a single harvest celebration in India that stands out. People in India celebrate many harvest festivals of India at different times of the year since the country is a mix of cultures and traditions. But one thing they all have in common is that they are all celebrated according to custom and rituals, with a lot of fun and enthusiasm. The majority of these festivals honour the entrepreneurial spirit and hard work of millions of farmers across the country.

Tags : BaisakhiHarvest Festival IndiaHarvest Festival of IndiaIndia Harvest FestivalLohriLosarMakar SankrantiPongal
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